Jamie Holroyd Guitar

Jamie Holroyd Guitar

10 Must Know Jazz Standards Every Guitarist Should Know

10 Must Know Jazz Standards Every Guitarist Should Know

A couple of weeks ago on my Facebook page I asked my readers what they would like to see an article about which is the result of this 10 must know jazz standards article.

Reader David M said he would like to see an article on “the best standards to practice”. Although, I already published an article that explains how to learn jazz standards, I realized that I didn’t have anything on what standards to focus on, so I decided to try and sum up 10 must know jazz standards in this article.

Learning to play jazz guitar means knowing a lot of standards, but with there been so many standards to learn, which ones are played and called most frequently? Which should be we be expected to know at a jam session? Ever gig and jam session is different, so you need to really know as much tunes as possible to be really prepared, but this article will focus on some the most played tunes.

If you are just starting to learn jazz guitar there are some tunes on this list that are recommend to start with such as Summertime, but others such as the Rhythm Changes shouldn’t be the first tune you dive into. If you have been playing jazz guitar for a year or two, and feel as though you’re an intermediate player, this list should help you realize if you’ve missed any important tunes.

If there’s enough interest I will write a follow up article with 10 beginner jazz guitar tunes, and then maybe 10 advanced jazz guitar tunes. Leave a comment below if you would like to see one of these lists, or if you would like to see a tune study article on a particular standard.

 

 

Major and Minor Blues

 

The first tune on the list that every jazz guitarist should know is a 12 bar blues. I don’t know if you would class a blues as a standard, but the list felt incomplete without mentioning one.

If you’ve come to jazz from a blues background, you’ll most likely already know the I, IV, V version of this progression. Like the traditional blues, the jazz blues is most commonly a 12 bar form, but with embellished harmony.  Click here to read a lesson I wrote on how you add passing chords to a 12 bar jazz blues progression.

The most common keys for the major jazz blues progression are Bb, Eb, C and F. Minor blues tunes are often played in C-, D-, F-, and Eb-, but both sequences should be practiced in all 12 keys. A great major blues theme to learn is Sonny Rollin’s ‘Tenor Madness’, and a common minor blues to learn is ‘Mr PC’. Click the video below to hear a great version of Clifford Brown’s blues tune ‘Blues Walk’ featuring Clint Strong on guitar.

 

 

Rhythm Changes

 

Next to a blues, the rhythm changes is one of the most used progressions in the jazz repertoire. As mentioned in the introduction, this is not really one of the first standards that should be tackled by beginners, but is great to learn if you have a fair amount of standards under your belt and want to push yourself to the next level.

To learn how to solo over this progression, check out this series of articles that I published: Rhythm Changes Soloing Guide. If you would like to expand your comping chops over this progression, check out this article: How to Comp Rhythm Changes. Some great rhythm changes themes to check out are Oleo, Rhythm-a-ning, The Flintstones Theme, and Lester Leaps In. The video below showcases a great unknown swing and jazz player Dave Biller blowing over the rhythm changes on a black guard Tele.

 

 

Stella By Starlight

 

Although not quite as harmonically dense as the rhythm changes, Stella by Starlight is rich in harmony with a chord in almost every bar of the progression making it a popular workout for experienced and intermediate jazz guitar players. Again, this shouldn’t really be the first tune you tackle, but it’s great if you have 5-10 standards under your belt.

The bridge harmony uses juicey extentions such as altered dominant and #11 chords which provide many blowing options for jazz musicians. The tune features major and minor II-V-I’s as well as back door II-V’s so it’s a good idea to go through the tune and see what’s happening harmonically before blowing over it.  Due the tunes popularity with musicians, the title is often just shortend to ‘Stella’. Check out this version of George Benson burning over Stella.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVP6rCvCnQo

 

Summertime

 

This is the first standard that I teach to all my private beginner jazz guitar students, and for good reason. The melody is based on a minor pentatonic scale which is familiar territory to most jazz guitarists, and the chord sequence can be as dense or empty as it needs to be.

Summertime also has multiple arrangement possibilities. The melody sounds great as a ballad, bossa, or swing. Check out John Coltrane’s burning  version through the link before.

 

 

All The Things You Are

 

Like Stella by Starlight, A.T.T.Y.A (as it’s often abbreviated to) is a well known tune that is learnt by a lot of beginner and intermediate players that often remains part of the more experienced jazz musician’s repertoire.

One reason for this is because the tune uses cyclic movement extensively and passes through different keys. Modulating in perfect fourths and fifths is often used in jazz standards so by practicing techniques over this tune, you are well prepared for many other tunes.

The melody is almost entirley based off thirds, so it’s a great tune if you’re wanting to work on your guide tone and voice leading techniques. To learn more about outlining thirds, check out this podcast. You can also try and find the third within each chord voicing.

Hank Garland recorded a blistering version of this tune with Gary Burton on Vibes. If you haven’t heard this tune before, it’s worth noting that Hank is playing a counter melody to the original theme.

 

 

Autumn Leaves

 

Along with Summertime, Autumn Leaves is a great first tune to learn when you’re new to jazz guitar. The tune provides a good workout to practice II-V-I progressions because you have one bar of each chord, so there’s plenty of time to explore bebop scales, licks, and chord soloing. It should be noted that Autumn Leaves is commonly played in two different keys, G minor, and E minor.

Both keys have their pros and cons and guitar. I personally prefer playing the tune in E minor as a solo guitar piece because of the open string possibilities that the key permits.

To learn more about using open strings with jazz guitar chords, check out this article. My favorite version of this tune is the Jim Hall/Ron Carter recording, check it out:

 

 

 

Blue Bossa

 

This tune is often the first bossa nova tune that manly jazz guitarists learn. I rarely hear this one played on gigs by experienced players, but it’s still a great tune to learn that has a lot of blowing, comping, and solo guitar possibilities.

Besides being a good insight in the bossa nova style, Blue Bossa is also a good piece to work on when it comes to playing in minor keys. There’s lots of time to explore different minor scales over the first 4 bars, and almost all the II-V-I’s have one chord per bar giving you plenty of tune to explore different blowing concepts.

To find out more about how to comp in the bossa nova style, check out this article I published.

 

 

There Will Never Be Another You

 

Like the other standards in this article, They’ll Never Be Another You features frequently used modulations, and has a great strong melody. This tune is most commonly played in Eb, but it’s worth taking through a few different keys because singers usually like to sing this tune.

The trickiest part to this tune is the last 4 bars of the progression because there is 2 chords for each bar. Harmonically these chords are just functioning as a turnaround to the I chord though.

My personal favorite version of this tune is by Russell Malone. Check out this version of him playing in with Billy Taylor on piano.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SkDqTtb-h7o

 

Body and Soul

 

This is without a doubt, the most played jazz ballad I hear on gigs. The harmony of Body and Soul is rich providing many options for superimpositions and substitutions.

One interesting feature of the tune that I personally like is the semi-tone modulation to the bridge. Even though, the semi tone is a small interval, modulating from a key with 5 flats (Db) to 2 sharps (D) makes a refreshing difference to the sound.

Jim Hall owns this tune. I can listen to two or three different recordings of him playing it and never get bored because he interprets it differently each time.

 

 

Days of Wine and Roses

 

The Days of Wine and Roses is a great tune for intermediate jazz guitarists to check out. I am not sure if Henri Mancini wrote the lyrics as well as the melody, but they should be learnt to memorize the melody and gain more of an insight to the tune.

Joe Pass recorded The Days of Wine and Roses, Pat Martino and Wes recorded the tune as a bossa show casing it’s different arrangement possibilities, but it’s most often called as a medium swing tune.

 

 

I hope that this article has brought some insight on which jazz standards are important to learn and help you reach your goals as a jazz guitarist. Do you have a favorite jazz standard? Share your thoughts in the comment section below.

 

10 must know jazz standards

 

 

 

 

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Comments

Sam

Very nice list Jamie. I would definitely agree on all of these tunes and that they all are essential parts of the jazz canon.

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Mario

Hello Jamie. Thanks a lot for this list article; it's very useful and the performances you've chosen are great. I also would like to have an article about 10 beginner jazz guitar tunes. Thanks.

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Jeremy Acton

I enjoyed this listing very much, Jamie, and the challenges it presents. Many thanks.
I second Mario , on a more 'absolute beginners' listing in the future. You certainly keep us all very busy learning jazz, Jamie!!

I think I need to become a good enough player to be able to include jazz in my political career and public speeches, just to be able to get to my guitar!!!.

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Rodger

Great lesson Jamie. I, for one, would love to see a list of beginner tunes. Since it's entirely applicable to me.

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J. Honaker

Are there any Jazz standard music books with chord charts that you would recommend? I dont care form tab and cannot sight read musical notation.

Jamie Holroyd

Check out www.mattwarnockguitar.com for chord grids

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Fred

I am just starting into the jazz area and the beginner jazz tunes would really be positive. Scales and the such are all fine and dandy but playing a jazz standard whether it be beginner or int. would only add to ones confidence.

Jamie Holroyd

Yeah, I would certainly prioritize learning tunes above scales!

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Jay

Three great songs I'd add that I've gotten a lot from.

Stolen Moments by Oliver Nelson on that list. The original recording has the solos over a standard C minor 12 bar blues, but we usually solo over the head progression. That starts as a blues with a Dorian melody but has a cool extended turnaround which is challenging but not out of the reach of many players. You can follow the chromatic movement with arpeggios, go outside, or switch to half notes in it.

Recorda-Me by Joe Henderson is also a fantastic 16 bar form. It starts out modal and then switches to some challenging ii-V-Is. My current favorite version is the one by Ali Ryerson.

Beatrice by Sam Rivers is a wonderful 16 bar form. The harmony underneath is tricky but you can play mostly F major over the top and it works quite well, or switch back and forth between following the changes and longer lines. Sam Rivers' original version starts as a ballad and gradually goes more uptempo. Joe Henderson plays it more as a bop tune.

Jamie Holroyd

Great tunes Jay, thanks for contributing!

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David Banfield

most helpful and informative Jamie. Thanks a lot.

Jamie Holroyd

No problem, thank you for checking it out. Glad you enjoyed the lesson!

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MikeR

Great list, I can see why you feel Jim Hall 'owns' Body and Soul. I'd love that song for a Tune Study Article, focusing at what Jim does here. He knows how to respect the song and yet bring new ideas to it using carefully chosen melody fragments and great comping runs. Thanks for sharing all these recordings!

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Lani Bass

I am a singer. jazz mainly, but recently (last 5 years) have "discovered" the blues and just can't get enough! Thank you Seattle!!
I've very much enjoyed all your articles, and can apply so much of what you suggest to my voice.
I got a degree in jazz studies, so have a good working knowledge of theory, but the learning, of course, is endless!! So thank you for all you do. It is obviously your passion, and thank you for sharing!!

Jamie Holroyd

Thanks for the kind words, great to hear that a vocalist is using my articles. Cheers!

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Emlyn

A great selection of guitar players. But....still too advanced for me even after 50 years of playing blues....is there anything simpler without being virtuoso fast players.....?

Jamie Holroyd

Check out Chitlins Con Carne by Kenny Burrell

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Dave

I'd love to see the "10 beginner jazz tunes" list. Thanks for this post!

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